Research News

Sánchez co-authors three papers recently published in Archives of Sexual Behavior

October 02, 2014

UW-Madison’s Francisco J. Sánchez is the co-author of three papers that have recently been published in the Archives of Sexual Behavior.

In August, an essay was published that is headlined, “Hurdling Over Sex? Sport, Science and Equity.” This editorial examines the ongoing controversy of gender verification among elite female-athletes.

Francisco Sanchez
The article’s abstract notes: “Between 1968 and 1999, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) required all female athletes to undergo genetic testing as part of its sex verification policy, under the assumption that it needed to prevent men from impersonating women and competing in female-only events. After critics convinced officials that genetic testing was scientifically and ethically flawed for this purpose, the IOC replaced the policy in 1999 with a system allowing for medical evaluations of an athlete’s sex only in cases of ‘reasonable suspicion,’ but this system also created injustice for athletes and stoked international controversies. In 2011, the IOC adopted a new policy on female hyperandrogenism, which established an upper hormonal limit for athletes eligible to compete in women’s sporting events. This new policy, however, still leaves important medical and ethical issues unaddressed. We review the history of sex verification policies and make specific recommendations on ways to improve justice for athletes within the bounds of the current hyperandrogenism policy, including suggestions to clarify the purpose of the policy, to ensure privacy and confidentiality, to gain informed consent, to promote psychological health, and to deploy equitable administration and eligibility standards for male and female athletes.”

In September, the Archives of Sexual Behavior published a paper co-authored by Sánchez that is titled, “On the Validity of Popular Masculinity Rating Scales with Gay Men.” This paper’s abstract notes: “During the past decade, greater quantitative attention has been given to how gay men’s lives are affected by traditional notions of masculinity. Consequently, it is important that masculinity-related measures that are often used in research are valid for use with gay men. This study examined the factor structures, loadings, and psychometric properties of three commonly used masculinity-related measures.”

And in June, the publication published a paper he co-authored that is titled,“Feminized Behavior and Brain Gene Expression in a Novel Mouse Model of Klinefelter Syndrome.” This paper’s abstract notes: “Klinefelter Syndrome (KS) is the most common sex chromosome aneuploidy in men and is characterized by the presence of an additional X chromosome (XXY). In some Klinefelter males, certain traits may be feminized or shifted from the male-typical pattern towards a more female-typical one. Among them might be partner choice, one of the most sexually dimorphic traits in the animal kingdom.”

Sánchez is an assistant professor with the Department of Counseling Psychology. He arrived on the UW-Madison campus in the fall of 2012 after spending eight years with the Department of Human Genetics and the Center for Gender-Based Biology at the UCLA School of Medicine. For nearly a decade now, he has collaborated on research investigating the biological basis for sexual orientation and gender identity.